KIEVAN RUS — REAL HISTORY. Part 1
Are Kievan Rus and modern Russia the same? Who are descendants of the Kiev Rus?
Kievan Rus has been an object of long and artful manipulation and faking. But, it has come the time to clear out the closet of the propaganda.
All peoples come to the stage when they experience boosting of curiosity regarding their history. All go through it. This is pretty natural because only an understanding of their origins gives the peoples and the states a solid foundation under their feet.
Even ex-President of Ukraine Kuchma joined this discussion in his own way: he said that parliament should produce a law «which would forbid historians in quotation marks who write textbooks to engage in verbiage.»
Meanwhile, today Ukrainian historians are faced with the question not of rewriting it, but, on the contrary, of cleansing Ukrainian history of unconfirmed facts imposed by propagandists, faked experts, soviet, and now Russian manipulators. All the lies should be cut off.
This lie was directly imposed under the conditions of total ideological terror when imperial historians could say whatever they wanted, and hundreds of Ukrainian scientists paid with their careers and lives for a truthful word about Ukrainian history and even for its simple study.
One of the key imperial hoaxes is the thesis that today’s Russia allegedly has something to do with the history of Kievan Rus and the fact that some of its territories were once under the control of Kiev but later transformed into the Russian Empire.
The main idea of the Russian propagandists is that once there was a Kiev Rus, that failed and transformed to Novgorod Rus and Moscow Rus. So, in this way, they try to prove that the modern Russian Federation is an absolute descendant of the cultural, historical, religious legacy of Kievan Rus. That is fake.
The other implied sense of this vision is that Ukraine is failed state without any basement for its autonomy, religious autocephaly, and even without a historical right for sovereignty.
Faking history is a great instrument that Soviet and Russian «experts» have been developing and updating for centuries (they had started even at the Russian Empire before the even Soviet Union was set).
Neglecting, rejecting, faking, and lying – are the methods those experts have been using.
During the times of the USSR, the elementary fact was stubbornly hushed up that during the times of Kievan Rus, Rus was exclusively the territory of Central Ukraine, that is, the current Kiev, Chernigov, Zhitomir, Sumy, as well as parts of Vinnitsa, Cherkasska and Poltava regions.
From the end of the 12th century, Western Ukraine also began to be called Rus. There is so much evidence of this that Soviet historiography simply did not know what to do with them, and published «retellings» of chronicles, and not their originals.
Chronicles of Kievan Rus
As for the chronicles, we read the following in them.
Under 1146: «And Svyatoslav, crying, sent to Yuri in Suzdal, said:» God took my brother Vsevolod, and Izyaslav seized Igor. Go to the Russian land, to Kiev. »
When exiled from the Kiev region Rostislav in 1149 comes to his father Yuri Dolgoruky in Suzdal, he says: «I heard that the whole Russian land and black hoods want you.»
Over time, the chronicler adds the complaint of Yuri Dolgoruky: «My son Izyaslav, having come to me, ruined my lands and set fire to, and also drove my son out of the Russian land and did not give the lands to him, and covered me with shame.»
After Izyaslav Mstislavich once again expelled Yuri Dolgoruky from Kiev, the chronicle under 1151 reports that Yuri’s son Andrei Bogolyubsky «in the meantime begged his father to go knowingly to Suzdal, saying:» We have nothing here, father, here, in Ruska earth, neither troops nor anything else. So let’s go when it is warm.
About the next unsuccessful campaign of Yuri Dolgoruky to Kiev, the chronicle under the year 1154 reports: «In the same year, Yuri went with Rostovites, the Suzdal people and all the children in Rus. And there was a pestilence among the horses in all his army, which had never been before «.
After the death of the Kiev prince Izyaslav Mstislavich, «the same winter (1154) went Yuri in Rus, when he heard about the death of Izyaslavova.»
In 1174, the Suzdal prince Andrei Bogolyubsky, responding to the appeal of the princes Rostislaviches, said: «Wait for a little, I sent to my brothers in Rus. As soon as I hear from them, then I will give an answer.»
When the Suzdal prince Andrei Bogolyubsky was killed by conspirators in the town of Bogolyubov, which he founded near Suzdal, his courtier Kuzmin, according to the chronicles, said: “Your servants and people will not recognize you anymore, master. Not like once, when a merchant came from Cesarograd, and from other regions, and from the Rus land … »
After the murder of Andrei Bogolyubsky, the Vladimir boyars (from Vladimir-on-Klyazma) said: «Our prince is killed, but he has no children, his son is in Novgorod, and his brother is in Rus.»
Under the year 1175, the chronicle says: «In the same year, when both Rostislaviches were sitting on the principality in the land of Rostov, they distributed mandatories to Rus youths. And by this, they made a great burden to the locals with sales and faith.»
Thus, the «Rus youths» brought by the Rostislavichs from the Kiev region are strangers in the Rostov region.
Under 1180, it is reported about the campaign of the Chernihiv prince Svyatoslav Vsevolodovich against Suzdal and Ryazan: «And then hastily prepared for battle in the army of Svyatoslavov, and Vsevolod Svyatoslavich abruptly rushed to the Russian regiments with his regiment. And then the Ryazan princes retreated, and they beat others.»
When Svyatoslav was returning from Suzdal, the chronicle says: «And when he left the Suzdal land, he released his brother Vsevolod, and Oleg, his son, and Yaropolk to Russia, and he and his son Vladimir went to Bolshoi Novgorod.»
In 1187, Prince Rurik of Kiev sent to Suzdal to Prince Vsevolod to woo his eight-year-old daughter Verkhuslav for his son Rostislav. Vsevolod agreed, gave a large dowry, and let her go «to Russia.»
Rurik clan and Kievan Rus
Prince Rurik celebrated a magnificent wedding, which «never has happened in Russia», and then those who brought Verkhuslav from Suzdal, «Yakov a matchmaker and with the boyars were allowed to go back to Vsevolod in Suzdal.» Jacob «came from Rus (to Suzdal), seeing off Verhuslava, and there was a joy.»
In 1223, Vasily Konstantinovich was sent with the Rostov regiments to help the Ukrainian princes in their struggle against the Mongol-Tatars, but he didn’t come in time «to join them in Rus.»
Under 1406, the Russian chronicle says that «Svidrigailo … began to do a lot of evil to Moscow to the Lithuanian land and Russia.» (so, these were three different states)
Under the year 1415, it is reported: «Vitovt, Grand Duke of Lithuania, seeing that the metropolitans, having come from Moscow to Kiev, take everything that is beautiful from St. Sophia … and take them to the Moscow land» so that «the wealth in the Russian land doesn’t reduce.», he ordered to elect his own metropolitan.
There are a lot of such references in the annals, and each reader, if desires, can easily find a couple of hundred more.
There have never existed any other capital or state named Rus but Kievan
Meanwhile, neither «Suzdal Rus», nor «Zaleskaya Rus», nor «Moskovskaya Rus» are mentioned in the annals — all these are late inventions of imperial ideologists. Russia has always been one – Kievan Rus.
Rus was not only the North-Eastern outskirts, but it included also other lands subordinate to Kiev.
In 1147, when the Chernihiv prince Svyatoslav Olgovich laid siege to the city of Nerinsk (in the Ryazan principality, — the territory of modern Russian Federation), the chronicle writes: «At the same time, youths came running to Svyatoslav from Russia.» Thus, Ryazan was not Rus either.
Smolensk — was not a Kievan Rus land
Under 1148, the chronicle reports an exchange of gifts between the Grand Prince of Kiev Izyaslav Mstislavich and his brother Rostislav Mstislavich, Prince of Smolensk: «And Izyaslav gave gifts to Rostislav, which were from Russian land and all the subordinated caesar lands (it means the lands subordinated to Kiev prince Izyaslav, who that time was usually called caesar, like the Byzantium imperators) and Rostislav gave presents to Izyaslav, which were from the upper lands and Varangians»
Under 1154, the Kiev prince Yuri Dolgoruky sent his nephew Rostislav to Smolensk, saying: «Son? Who should I hold the Russian land with? With you. Go there.»
In 1173, when the Rostislaviches were asked to leave Kiev and the surrounding towns of Belgorod and Vyshgorod and go to Smolensk, the chronicle says that «And the Rostislaviches were complaining, that he was depriving them of the Russian land.»
So, Smolensk is the «upper lands» along the Dnieper, which is not Rus at all.
All these data absolutely clearly and unequivocally indicate that Suzdal and the entire North-Eastern outskirts of the Kiev state, neither Smolensk nor Novgorod, neither during their stay under Kiev’s rule nor after the separation, were called Rus. Never.
Rus is the territory of modern Central, and from the end of the XII century — and Western Ukraine, and nothing else.
This fact for scientists is the well-known «Punchinel’s secret».
So, the Russian scientist Robinson wrote that «among all the cases of using the concept of Russian land in The Lay of Igor’s Host there is not a single one that would speak for the fact showing that the author meant all the East Slavic principalities.»
Less accurate and fair Russian ideologists have been trying for a long time to create a myth that, allegedly, the capital of Russia «moved» from Kiev.
The theory of mass resettlement — fake
The theory of mass resettlement was formed by the Russian scientist Pogodin, but even in Soviet times, it was recognized as unscientific.
The fact is that, although the chronicles record the resettlement of hundreds of people, none of them mentions mass resettlement from Russia to Zalesye.
Such resettlement has not yet been proven and is based solely on guesswork, as well as on the fact that in some cities of modern Russia (Pereyaslav-Zalesky, Ryazan, Vladimir-on-Klyazma, etc.), the names of the rivers repeat the names of the Kiev and Pereyaslav regions — Pochayna (in Russian it became «Puchay-river», Ruchay, Lybed, etc.
However, who did those renaming — immigrants or princes nostalgic for their homeland — is not known exactly.
In fact, the capital of the real Rus did not move anywhere, just as Rus itself did not move. At the same time, the ancestors of the modern Russians, as a result of separation from Kiev, formed their own state — Suzdal, which later received the name Zalesye, and even later — Muscovy.
This state has become more relevant for the ancestors of modern Russians than the former metropolis. From a stateless status, the former Finn-Hungarian colonies of Kiev turned into a state one, for a few hundred years after that they did not even think about being called Rus.
Novgorod never was a Kievan Rus
It is interesting that Novgorod, from which Russia is now trying to make «the first capital of Rus», was also not considered Rus at all.
In particular, in the annals we read when in 1148 the Grand Duke of Kiev Izyaslav Mstislavich came to Novgorod to join the troops of Novgorod, headed by his son Yaroslav, in order to defeat Yurii Dolgorukiy, the Kiev prince says to the people of Novgorod: «Here, brothers, my son, and you sent for me because you are offended by my relative Yuri. I came here to stand against him, leaving the Russian land. »
When in the same year the Kiev and Novgorod troops went to war on Suzdal, the chronicle clearly separates the Novgorodians and Russia: «And from there they sent the Novgorodians and Russians to devastate Yaroslavl», «And at that time the Novgorodians and Russians came, devastating they brought a lot. »
So, Novgorodians were not Russians in the historical sense — they were Novgorodians, and nothing else.
In the annals for 1141 we read: «And when Svyatoslav (Olgovich) escaped from Novgorod to Rus to his brother, he sent Vsevolod to meet him.» Hence, Novgorod was not Rus.
Long long centuries of lies and fakes — this is how everybody was persuaded that modern Russia originated from Kievan Rus.
The trick is that Ukrainians are real Russians, while Russians of the Russian Federation are not.
The history, culture were stolen by Moscovians. Keep it in mind! And we are going to come back to the topic with Part II.